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The 33rd week of pregnancy: what happens to the baby and mom

In the 33rd obstetric week of pregnancy a baby is rapidly gaining weight. Most likely he has already turned upside down, preparing to exit. Baby sleeps a lot and gains strength.

Not much time remains until the moment when the mom sees her baby. The wait will be enjoyable, and the meeting with the child – joyous.

The size and development of the fetus in the 33rd week of pregnancy

Pregnancy week 33 sizeIf the fetus develops without deviations, his weight in the 33rd week of pregnancy is already nearing 2 kg and height – 42-43 cm. The circumference of the head is equal to 82 mm, the diameter of the chest – 85 mm, tummy – 87 mm. The thickness of the placenta should reach 33 mm. It is believed that from this point on the baby’s daily weight gain is 15 – 25 grams.

The mother’s belly is no longer increasing, and the stretched skin on her abdomen indicates the tangible weight of the baby, often bringing additional discomfort. Things are also getting tighter for baby in the womb, he moves little, and sleeps a lot. But the baby often makes himself known, and his kicks get stronger. In normal development, there must be at least 10 kicks every two hours.

[attention type=yellow]By this time the baby has assumed his final position in the uterus. In a pregnancy without complications, the head is at the bottom, i.e., the child has a cephalic presentation. Cases of breech (butt toward the exit) presentation are frequent in the 33rd week of pregnancy. Doctors often turn to cesarean sections during such deliveries, to avoid problems for the mother and baby.[/attention]

The little person growing inside you, is already forming the basic habits that will accompany him in the first months of life. A baby knows when he needs to eat or sleep, and when to stay awake. By the 33rd week of pregnancy, as a rule, all parts of the body are absolutely proportional, and the baby already looks like a full-fledged newborn. He even sees colorful dreams, and can smile!

The development of the fetus in the 33rd week of pregnancy has its own features, that are important for the expectant mother to know:

  • the mass of the heart increases, it starts to pump blood more intensively. The blood vessel walls thicken, they contract and expand;
  • the brain of the fetus has been formed, the nerve centers function, controlling various processes in the body (cardiovascular, respiratory and thermoregulation centers, and so on.);
  • kidneys begin to fully filter harmful products of metabolism, which are then excreted via urine into the amniotic fluid;
  • the immune, endocrine and nervous systems have been formed;
  • the development of the pulmonary alveoli is practically completed;
  • boys’ testicles have descended into the scrotum;
  • due to the development of the senses, the child begins to see, hear, and distinguish tastes and smells;
  • body fat accumulates, a baby has fat rolls and cheeks;
  • fine hairs on the baby’s body disappear, and nails grow to the edges of the fingertips.

The baby’s behavior at this stage is very active and sometimes his kicks are painful to mom. This is due to the fact that the child “kicks” nearby organs (gallbladder, liver, etc.). Do not worry about this, just take a comfortable position. Better yet – talk to the baby and persuade him to calm down.

The development of the fetus at 33 weeks' gestationIs the baby behaving differently in the belly? Feeling strange, rhythmic twitching? Do not worry, the baby is hiccupping. In itself, the hiccup is a normal phenomenon, but the baby may never hiccup (it is believed that mothers feel only 10% of all movements of the fetus). The frequency and duration of hiccups are unique, and although many mothers worry about this phenomenon, experts say there is no cause for concern.

The baby hiccups inside you, but this does not feel as uncomfortable to him, as for example hiccups feel to an adult. Of course, there are no certainties as to his sensations.

[attention type=yellow]Some researchers suggest that when hiccupping, the child develops the lungs and diaphragm in preparation for independent breathing. Others suggest that a hiccup comes from the ingestion of amniotic fluid. There is a version, that the fetus is learning swallowing skills. Some believe that hiccup is a sign of hypoxia, but the relationship of oxygen starvation to hiccups has not been determined. One thing is clear – the hiccup means that the baby’s central nervous system is almost completely mature.[/attention]

Twins in the 33rd week of pregnancy develop similar to a single baby. However, the space in the abdomen is twice as tight for the babies, and more uncomfortable for the mom as well. The uterus is stretching due to weight of the twins, so there is a high risk of premature birth. But it’s not that scary for the little guys, as they are almost fully formed.

However, if the babies are born in this period, they will be skinny, and they would have to train their lungs, until the respiratory system works flawlessly. Besides, the skin has not accumulated the needed amount of fat, so it’s still thin, and cannot maintain warmth. Fortunately, an incubator will perfectly take care of this issue, if necessary.

What’s going on with a mom in the 33rd week

Photos of mothers belly at 33 weeks of pregnancy

Many women simply call this period – the eighth month. Not much time remains before delivery – the happy moment of meeting the long-awaited baby will arrive soon, but most still moms experience nervousness, discomfort and anxiety. And there are well-founded reasons for this:

  • the pressure of the uterus on the bladder, resulting in frequent urination;
  • pressure on the colon, resulting in constipation;
  • the load on the musculoskeletal system resulting in pain in the legs, back and low-back;
  • the baby pushes up, resulting in pain under the ribs.

Experts advise not to worry too much about these issues, but visit the doctor more often. You need to carefully monitor the condition of the placenta, since it provides the baby with oxygen and all the necessary nutrients. If any abnormalities are suddenly detected, the gynecologist will prescribe a course of treatment, and the imbalance will be corrected.

Future mother is 33 weeks pregnantA slim waist is a thing of the past and the belly continues to grow. In the 33rd week of pregnancy the mom’s weight changes, increasing on average by 300 – 500 grams per week. In this period the total weight has typically increased by 9-11 kg. A photo of tummies in the 33rd week of pregnancy can be seen above.

Often a woman in the 33rd week of pregnancy can feel contractions – so called Braxton Hicks contractions. This is how the uterus prepares for the imminent birth of a child.

Discharge in the 33rd week

The mom probably already experiences yellowish secretions from the breast. The milk glands are ready for the first baby’s feeding with invaluable colostrum.

In the 33rd week you should pay attention to vaginal discharge. Normally, it is light, gray or milky in hue and odorless. Its volume may increase, due to the engorging of the genitals with blood.

The expectant mother should consult with a doctor if discharge contains pus, is yellow or green in color, or has a flaky or curdled consistency, with an unpleasant odor. In such cases, there is a need for a careful diagnosis. Quite often pregnant women have exacerbated vaginal candidiasis, which urgently needs to be treated, so that the baby does not catch an infection in the womb or at birth, while passing through the birth canal.

Particular attention should be paid to bloody red or brown discharges – it indicates the onset of labor, placental abruption or placenta previa. Even if you notice only minor bleeding, you should seek qualified help, because at any time the bleeding can intensify.

[attention type=red]Watery discharge with a yellow tinge also indicates the onset of labor – this may be the release of amniotic fluid. The right course of action is to call the “ambulance.” The slightest violation of the integrity of fetal membranes can harm the baby by allowing the entry of a serious infection.[/attention]

Psychological condition

From the very beginning of pregnancy a woman’s psychological condition is changing. Of course, it transfers to the unborn baby, so it’s important not to feel stressed, not to bring your body to the point of burnout, and generally to lead an active, but quiet life, positively and purposefully readying for the upcoming birth. The expert advice of your clinic or health center can help you with this.

Analyses, examinations and ultrasound in the 33rd week of pregnancy

Photo fetal ultrasound at the 33 th week of pregnancy

As mentioned above, from the 33rd week of pregnancy you need to frequently consult with your doctor. At this time, an ultrasound is usually prescribed, which provides complete information about the pregnancy in the 33rd week – the baby’s condition, development, and conformity to the norms – as well as eliminating the possibility of fetal fading. The ultrasound specialist will determine any presence of uterine hypertonus, and the consistency and volume of amniotic fluid, as oligohydramnios is often diagnosed during pregnancy in the 33rd week.

Also, the doctor will take measurements of the fetus, determine its position, listen to the heartbeat and calculate the anticipated due date.

In this period, CTG and Doppler may be assigned to provide full information on the development of the pregnancy. Of course, before going to the doctor you must undergo clinical blood and urine tests, and during your visit, the height of the uterus, weight, abdominal circumference, and blood pressure will be measured.

We invite you to watch the video of a fetal ultrasound in the 33rd week of pregnancy and to look at the baby picture above.

Mom’s nutrition and skin care in the 33rd week

Mom’s nutrition

Future mom`s nutrition at 33 weeks pregnantIt is important to remember that a pregnant woman in this term should not overeat. Practice moderation in your diet to avoid unpleasant consequences. It is better to eat small portions 6-7 times a day.

The use of baked goods, sweets, seafood, coffee and foods that cause allergies, salty, fried, smoked and spicy foods should be excluded from the diet, or minimized.

[attention type=yellow]It is recommended to give preference to fresh fruits and vegetables, porridges, soups and borscht with vegetable broth. Drink fruit juices, weak tea and non-carbonated water. In general, the diet of a pregnant woman should look like a child’s menu.[/attention]

Skin care

During pregnancy most women get worried about stretch marks on the growing belly. Skin care and special exercises will help to maintain and perhaps even improve upon the previous condition of the abdominal skin. First and foremost, you need to use a cream for stretch marks. There are a lot of them, and they are designed specifically for future moms. Their main function is to moisturize and nourish the skin. But it’s not enough just to apply cream on the skin, you need to prepare your skin for stretching.

The area around the navel is particularly vulnerable, and often the stretching begins from there, radiating to the sides. It is recommended to pinch a fold of skin and stretch it in different directions, making the skin more elastic. In addition, by using these uncomplicated massage exercises twice a day, the skin stops itching and flaking. This method is useful even after childbirth, along with physical exercises and walks in fresh air.

Sexual activity in the 33rd week

Sexual activity at 33 weeks of pregnancyIn the 33rd week of pregnancy it is allowed to have sex with the husband, but only if the woman regularly visits the gynecologist, who confirms that there is no threat of premature labor.

When having sex, you should avoid sudden movements and choose a safe position. Such a position is considered to be when your partner is behind you.

Sexual relations with your husband will bring you a lot of positive emotions, and be beneficial for both mother and child. Also, this is an indispensable massage of the birth canal, which will also be very helpful.

Recommendations for future moms

Your pregnancy is progressing normally, which means there are 7 more weeks until delivery. At this time, you need to follow these simple and very useful recommendations:

  • protect yourself from colds and various infections;
  • get plenty of rest, slightly elevating your feet;
  • wear a brace that supports the belly;
  • watch your posture, try to sit up straight;
  • it is recommended to sleep on your left side, and never on your back;
  • take in fresh air as often as possible;
  • follow the advice of your “prenatal classes.”

And, of course, gather all things necessary for your hospital stay, and tidy up your house, where soon you will bring your long-awaited baby!

Video about the 33rd week of pregnancy

There is an infinity of various tips and advices, but you should watch this specially-designed video guide where simple, clear and logical examples demonstrate all the charm of the 33rd week of pregnancy.

[attention type=yellow]Share your impressions of pregnancy, what worried you, and what moments pleasantly surprised you? Sharing your experience will assist many other moms. We wish you an easy pregnancy and childbirth![/attention]

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