- 1 The size and development of the fetus in the 32nd week of pregnancy
- 2 What’s going on with a mom in the 32nd week of pregnancy
- 3 Analyses, examinations and ultrasound in the 32nd week of pregnancy
- 4 Abnormalities in the 32nd week
- 5 Mom’s nutrition, exercises and skin care in the 32nd week
- 6 Sexual activity in the 32nd week of pregnancy
- 7 Recommendations for future moms and dads
- 8 Video about the 32nd week of pregnancy
The 32nd obstetric week of pregnancy is 7 months and 3 weeks of intrauterine life of the fetus. This period is characterized primarily by ever more obvious changes in the mother’s body.
These changes include the baby, who constantly provides reminders about his forthcoming arrival into the world. In general, in the 32nd week, the development of the fetus transitions to a new level for the pregnant woman.
The size and development of the fetus in the 32nd week of pregnancyAt the time of the thirty-second week of pregnancy the fetus is actively developing and growing. The increase in weight is due to fat and muscle tissue. The child’s weight in the 32nd week of gestation is about 1600-1800 grams, and his body’s length is about 40-42 centimeters.
The fetal body is proportional and it becomes more like a newborn child, but still lags behind in weight. He still has two more months of life in the uterus to gain body mass. The skin is turning a shade of pink and becomes smooth. The hair on his head is thickening, without losing its softness.[attention type=yellow]Because of the tightness of the uterus the fetus takes a forced position, namely the position of an embryo. The baby’s limbs are bent and crossed, and held close to the body itself. In general, the fetal position imitates the oval shape of the uterine cavity. Also, of particular importance in the position of the child is that it lowers its head downwards, which is necessary for a smooth delivery in the future.[/attention]
The 32nd obstetric week of pregnancy is distinguished by formation of critical organs and human systems, like the immune and neuroendocrine systems. The immune system is designed during this period, and the fetus begins to receive special protein structures – antibodies – from his mother. They will protect him from the impact of external pathogenic factors and help to resist their antigenic nature. The function of all the major secretion glands is improve – they play a crucial role within the metabolic processes of the fetus.In the 7th month the baby’s heart has already been formed, but so far it still has patent ductus arteriosus, i.e. the cavity’s left and right atrium are connected to each other.
The interesting thing is that, from this period on, the child’s eye color can be determined. The pupils are widening, and the normal modes of sleep and wakefulness are being set: after birth the baby sleeps with his eyes closed, and wakes with open eyes.
In the 32nd week of pregnancy a mom notices fetal movements inside her abdomen, his kicks from the inside, stretches and even hiccups. In this regard, it is not difficult for the mother to understand her baby’s mood at any given moment.
With twins in the 32nd week of pregnancy a mom’s belly is a lot bigger and the weight of each child is visibly less. The babies weigh up to 1.5 kg, and their respective length is about 40 cm. twins are often born in this week.
What’s going on with a mom in the 32nd week of pregnancy
At this moment the mother’s tummy rises about 33 centimeters above the pubic bone, which causes a lot of discomfort. It’s better, with this belly, to lie down on the left side, since in other positions the enlarged uterus and fetus put pressure on the wall of the inferior vena cava, which is not only harmful to the mother, but also to the placental blood supply. Laying on the left side is also very comfortable for both mom and the baby. The navel sticks out or becomes completely flat.[attention type=yellow]Some women do not have as big a belly by this time, which has to do with the anatomical structure of the pelvic bones and their configuration relative to each other.[/attention]
In the 32nd week of pregnancy there is a noted increase in body mass – in fact, starting with day one of this term, the weight should increase by 350 grams per week. The mother’s weight is typically about 11 kg higher than pre-pregnancy. Controlling your body weight during this period is particularly important because of a higher risk of late complications, such as the appearance of edemas of various body parts.
Footwear becomes small and rings are tight on the fingers. Upon noticing edema or weight gain of more than 500 grams per week, it is necessary to address the problem with your gynecologist.Sometimes a mom feels a momentary slight tension of the enlarged uterus – this is a normal phenomenon. Also, it is possible to have nagging pain in the lower abdomen in the 32nd week of pregnancy.
There may be painful sensations due to the change of the fetal position in the womb: the child has flipped upside down, and his legs now kick under the mother’s ribs. In this case, if the child kicks in an awkward way, a woman may experience pain in the chest.
The ribs themselves can also be the cause of pain, because the uterus, positioned between the navel and the breastbone in the 32nd week, is putting pressure on them.[attention type=yellow]There is a possibility of hemorrhoids, shortness of breath, and frequent urination. Increased trips to the bathroom are due to increased pressure on the kidneys.[/attention]
Vaginal discharge should not have changed – i.e. it should be, as always, light, milky or transparent. The odor also should not change – it should be slightly sour or completely odorless. The consistency of the discharge is homogeneous. If a woman sees any, even minor deviations, from these norms, a consultation with the doctor is a must. Read more about this here.
Also, very often at this stage of pregnancy, the mother begins to notice a yellowish liquid excreted from her breasts – this is colostrum.
As for the psycho-emotional condition of the pregnant woman, it is quite unstable. The reason for this are all of the above discomforts, which can lead to feelings of fatigue from pregnancy, and disappointment in herself as an expectant mother. But all of these negative thoughts just have to be overcome by the fact that soon the little long-awaited treasure – your baby – will make its appearance.
Analyses, examinations and ultrasound in the 32nd week of pregnancy
In the 28-32nd weeks of pregnancy you needed to have:
- general urine analysis;
- blood tests for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis;
- general and antibodies blood tests;
- consultation with your gynecologist.
If you have not had these analyses, it’s time to do them now.
It is important in the 32nd week to measure the circumference of the abdomen and determine the height of the uterine fundus, body mass, and blood pressure parameters.
Also, starting with the 31st week, doctors often send mothers to obtain a CTG to learn how the fetus is doing. More about the interpretation of CTG results.
An ultrasound in this period is carried out in a planned manner, and it allows the parents to see their child. The main purpose of an ultrasound in the 32nd week of pregnancy is to determine the dynamics of development of the fetus and placenta, as well as to identify abnormalities and cessation of the development, in advance. An ultrasound can diagnose hyper tonicity of the uterus and insufficiency of the placenta, which is particularly important for the normal development of the child.
Doctors look at the position of the fetus in the uterus. As already mentioned, it should be in the form of cephalic presentation. With any position other than this the doctor will recommend special exercises for the pregnant woman, to help the baby turn over.
Also, an ultrasound helps to determine the size of the baby – if it is too large, it is recommended to have a caesarean section.
We invite you to watch a video of a fetal ultrasound in the 32nd week of pregnancy and to look at the child’s photo above.
Abnormalities in the 32nd week
First of all, you may experience abnormal vaginal discharge: bloody, mucousy, excessively watery.
There is also a probability of polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios in the 32nd week of pregnancy, an ultrasound detection of fetal umbilical cord entanglement and breech, cervical pathology.
When the fetus is in a breech position in the 32nd week of gestation, do not immediately panic – there is still time for the baby to turn upside down.
Mom’s nutrition, exercises and skin care in the 32nd week
Mom’s nutritionOne of the basic principles during pregnancy is to not expose the body to stress, because this could have negative effects on the process of childbirth. Therefore, doctors do not recommend you to abandon the usual diet and excessively limit yourself – this can cause a body reaction similar to stress, which is extremely undesirable.
The mother’s nutrition should be complete and, if possibly, balanced. It is important to provide the body with energy and “building blocks” for the baby, so the diet should include all of the major food components: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals. The recommended caloric intake is about 2200 kcal / day.[attention type=yellow]While monitoring the food intake, it’s necessary to pay attention to cooking methods. boiled and baked dishes are preferable. Fried – especially with an abundance of oil – smoked and salty foods need to be limited because their digestion takes a lot of energy and has a negative impact on the pancreas and liver.[/attention]
- All sorts of lean meat (beef, chicken, turkey).
- Vegetables and fruits are important sources of vitamins, fiber and minerals, the use of which has a positive effect on the entire metabolic process if the body and improves digestion due to the content of dietary fiber.
- Dairy products – their daily use in the absence of contraindications supports the body due to the presence of all nutritional components, with the advantage of proteins and fats.
Exercises at 32 weeksExercises in the 32nd week should be reasonable – excessive stress can be detrimental to the flow of pregnancy.
The optimal supportive exercise is aerobics in the water. This novelty is beneficial because it does not require much effort from the mother, but allows for the training of all muscle groups. The ability to swim is not necessary for water aerobics.
Skin care and wardrobe at 32 weeks
It is important to monitor the skin and take care of it. A woman’s body during pregnancy needs to be maximally safe, including from bacteria, carcinogenic and irritating agents, as damaged epithelium can serve as a gateway for infection. To prevent this, you should follow these simple rules:
- Daily adequate hygiene of the entire body.
- The use of high-quality cosmetics and avoiding exposure to different allergens.
- To prevent breakdown of skin, all the folds and wrinkles of the body should be carefully washed.
- Wear clothes made of natural materials (linen, cotton, silk, wool).
- Clothing should be comfortable and not constricting to the pregnant women.
Sexual activity in the 32nd week of pregnancyDespite the general belief that a sex life in the late term of pregnancy is forbidden, sex is not harmful to the baby. Sex life even stimulates the baby, functioning as a prenatal type of gymnastics. The child is not hurt by sex because of reliable protection of the uterine walls, placenta and fluid.
But do not forget that the frequency of sexual activity should be reduced, and the chosen position should not exert any pressure on the abdomen and the baby. Also, if you do have a desire for intercourse during pregnancy, it’s still necessary to consult with your gynecologist ahead of time.
Recommendations for future moms and dads
The main advice is to protect the future mother from emotional and physical stress.
- Performing household chores in adequate quantities will not harm the woman’s body, but lifting of heavy objects and other strenuous forms of labor will carry negative consequences. It is important that the spouse provides maximum assistance and support to the mom. This will help to avoid stress to her body as well as to feel closer to each other.
- Emotional excitability of the woman is also important. Stress of nervous origin is as harmful as physical stress, as it leads to hormonal changes. A man should talk to his wife and comfort her, regardless of the reasonableness of her opinions. Treating the future mother with understanding is his duty, as challenging as it may be.
Video about the 32nd week of pregnancy
It is useful for both parents to view the video guide on this gestational period. It will further help you to understand all of the particularities of the 32nd obstetric week from both the baby’s and mother’s perspectives. Especially useful is the video for future fathers because of the presence of valuable recommendations.[attention type=yellow]If you are expecting a baby, the subject matter of this article should strike a nerve. Share any feelings you have had in the 32nd week of pregnancy, and also tell us about any problems and challenges of this period. And those who are just planning a pregnancy in the near future – do not hesitate to seek help, ask all the questions and start a discussion.[/attention]